71st Fraser Highlanders Orderly Book belonging to John Ross of Achnacloich

71st Fraser Highlanders Orderly Book belonging to John Ross of Achnacloich

Included in Collections: Militaria / Clan Ross Items

Object Description

A day to day account of Regimental Orders, for the months of June to August 1783, for the 1st company of 71st Regiment, including the American Campaign. 1st Battalion Grenadiers of the 71st Fraser Regiment. This very rare book in our collection is a surviving relic from the American War of Independence (1775-1784). It belonged to, or at least was brought back to Britain, by John Ross of Achnacloich. The Orderly Book covers a period of just over 3 months from 7th June 1783, to 17th August 1783, which is during the final period of the preparation for the journey home. John Ross listed as Lieutenant on 27th November 1775, in the 71st Fraser Highlanders Regiment, raised by Simon Fraser of Lovat to fight in America. The war involved a series of campaigns in which John Ross played an active part. He was captured twice. The first occasion was at Stoney Point north of New York on 22nd July 1779, and he was kept in captivity at Lancaster until November 1780, when he was returned to New York to be exchanged for an American Officer. He was taken prisoner again at Yorktown in October 1781, where the British finally surrendered. He stayed with the 71st prisoners who were marched through Maryland and Virginia to camp at Lancaster and organised their journey home to Scotland. Having discharged those men who wished to settle in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, he sailed home with the rest of his men and mustered his company at Perth on 2nd June 1784. By this time, he had been promoted to Captain on 22nd March 1784. Not long after he returned from the war he died in London, apparently unmarried and leaving no heirs.

Cat No. 1209.002
Collections Militaria / Clan Ross Items
Date added May 26th, 2021
Added by Tain & District Museum

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